The Government has several goals when taking criminal cases: making sure people respect the law and discouraging criminal behavior.
- A criminal case starts when the local police file a crime report and the court.
- A person can be sued in a civil case and a criminal case for the same Act.
- In a criminal case, when a crime takes place, the lawyer for the prosecution decides whether there is enough evidence to accuse someone of the crime.
- The Public Prosecutor must convince the Judge that the accused is guilty “beyond a reasonable doubt”.
- If the Public Prosecutor does not present enough evidence or if the accused raises a reasonable doubt, the accused must be found not guilty.